Manage Blood Sugar

older man talking to doctor Your blood carbohydrate prey is the range you try to reach arsenic much as potential. Read about Monitoring Your rake carbohydrate and All About Your A1C .
It ’ second important to keep your blood sugar levels in your prey scope equally a lot as possible to help prevent or delay long-run, good health problems, such as heart disease, vision loss, and kidney disease. Staying in your target scope can besides help improve your energy and temper. Find answers below to common questions about blood boodle for people with diabetes .

How can I check my blood sugar?

Use a blood sugar meter ( besides called a glucometer ) or a continuous glucose admonisher ( CGM ) to check your blood sugar. A blood sugar meter measures the come of sugar in a small sample of blood, normally from your fingertip. A CGM uses a detector inserted under the skin to measure your lineage sugar every few minutes. If you use a CGM, you ’ ll silent need to test daily with a rake carbohydrate meter to make certain your CGM readings are accurate .

When should I check my blood sugar?

How frequently you check your blood sugar depends on the type of diabetes you have and if you take any diabetes medicines.

typical times to check your rake carbohydrate include :

  • When you first wake up, before you eat or drink anything.
  • Before a meal.
  • Two hours after a meal.
  • At bedtime.

If you have type 1 diabetes, have type 2 diabetes and take insulin, or often have low blood sugar, your repair may want you to check your lineage sugar more frequently, such as before and after you ’ re physically active .

What are blood sugar targets?

A blood sugar target is the range you try to reach ampere much as possible. These are typical targets :

  • Before a meal: 80 to 130 mg/dL.
  • Two hours after the start of a meal: Less than 180 mg/dL.

Your blood sugar targets may be different depending on your historic period, any extra health problems you have, and early factors. Be sure to talk to your health care team about which targets are best for you .

What causes low blood sugar?

low blood carbohydrate ( besides called hypoglycemia ) has many causes, including missing a meal, taking besides much insulin, taking other diabetes medicines, exercising more than normal, and drink alcohol. rake sugar below 70 mg/dL is considered low .
Signs of low blood carbohydrate are unlike for everyone. Common symptom include :

  • Shaking.
  • Sweating.
  • Nervousness or anxiety.
  • Irritability or confusion.
  • Dizziness.
  • Hunger.

Know what your individual symptoms are so you can catch broken lineage sugar early and dainty it. If you think you may have low blood sugar, check it flush if you don ’ t have symptoms. Low blood sugar can be dangerous and should be treated adenine soon as possible .

How can I treat low blood sugar?

Hypoglycemia Unawareness If you ’ ve had low blood boodle without feel or comment symptoms ( hypoglycemia unknowingness ), you may need to check your rake sugar more frequently to see if it ’ randomness abject and process it. Driving with low blood boodle can be dangerous, so be sure to check your rake boodle before you get behind the rack .
Carry supplies for treating moo blood sugar with you. If you feel precarious, sweaty, or very athirst or have other symptoms, check your blood carbohydrate. even if you don ’ t have symptoms but think you may have low rake carbohydrate, check it. If your blood sugar is lower than 70 mg/dL, do one of the following immediately :

  • Take four glucose tablets.
  • Drink four ounces of fruit juice.
  • Drink four ounces of regular soda, not diet soda.
  • Eat four pieces of hard candy.

Wait for 15 minutes and then check your rake sugar again. Do one of the above treatments again until your rake boodle is 70 mg/dL or above and eat a nosh if your following meal is an hour or more away. If you have problems with low blood carbohydrate, ask your doctor if your discussion plan needs to be changed .

What causes blood sugar to be high?

many things can cause high lineage boodle ( hyperglycemia ), including being brainsick, being stressed, eating more than planned, and not giving yourself enough insulin. Over time, senior high school blood boodle can lead to long-run, unplayful health problems. Symptoms of high blood carbohydrate include :

  • Feeling very tired.
  • Feeing thirsty.
  • Having blurry vision.
  • Needing to urinate (pee) more often.

If you get brainsick, your blood carbohydrate can be intemperate to manage. You may not be able to eat or drink a a lot as common, which can affect blood carbohydrate levels. If you ’ re ill and your rake sugar is 240 mg/dL or above, use an over-the-counter ketone quiz kit to check your urine for ketones and call your doctor if your ketones are high. High ketones can be an early sign of diabetic ketoacidosis, which is a medical emergency and needs to be treated immediately .

What are ketones?

Ketones are a kind of fuel produced when fat is broken down for energy. Your liver-colored starts breaking down adipose tissue when there ’ second not enough insulin in your bloodstream to let lineage sugar into your cells .

What is diabetic ketoacidosis?

Diabetic Glucometer Blood sugar level testing kit If you think you may have low lineage carbohydrate, check it even if you don ’ t have symptoms .
When excessively many ketones are produced besides debauched, they can build up in your body and cause diabetic ketoacidosis, or DKA. DKA is very serious and can cause a coma or even death. Common symptoms of DKA include :

  • Fast, deep breathing.
  • Dry skin and mouth.
  • Flushed face.
  • Frequent urination or thirst that lasts for a day or more.
  • Fruity-smelling breath.
  • Headache.
  • Muscle stiffness or aches.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Stomach pain.

If you think you may have DKA, test your urine for ketones. Follow the test kit directions, checking the color of the test comic strip against the semblance chart in the kit to see your ketone level. If your ketones are gamey, call your health care provider right away. DKA requires treatment in a hospital .
DKA happens most in people with type 1 diabetes and is sometimes the first sign of type 1 in people who haven ’ triiodothyronine however been diagnosed. People with character 2 diabetes can besides develop DKA, but it ’ mho less park .

How can I treat high blood sugar?

spill the beans to your repair about how to keep your rake boodle levels within your target range. Your sophisticate may suggest the take after :

  • Be more active. Regular exercise can help keep your blood sugar levels on track. Important: don’t exercise if ketones are present in your urine. This can make your blood sugar go even higher.
  • Take medicine as instructed. If your blood sugar is often high, your doctor may change how much medicine you take or when you take it.
  • Follow your diabetes meal plan. Ask your doctor or dietitian for help if you’re having trouble sticking to it.
  • Check your blood sugar as directed by your doctor. Check more often if you’re sick or if you’re concerned about high or low blood sugar.
  • Talk to your doctor about adjusting how much insulin you take and what types of insulin (such as short-acting) to use.

How do carbs affect blood sugar?

Carbs in food make your blood carbohydrate levels go high after you eat them than when you eat proteins or fats. You can still eat carbs if you have diabetes. The sum you can have and stay in your aim blood sugar rate depends on your senesce, weight, activeness charge, and early factors. Counting carbs in foods and drinks is an important creature for managing blood sugar levels. Make sure to talk to your health care team about the best carb goals for you .

What is the A1C test?

The A1C test is a simple blood test that measures your average blood sugar levels over the past 2 or 3 months. The test is done at a lab or your doctor ’ mho position in addition to—not rather of—regular blood sugar testing you do yourself .
A1C test is part of the ABCs of diabetes—important steps you can take to prevent or delay health complications down the road :

  • A: Get a regular A1C test.
  • B: Try to keep your blood pressure below 140/90 mm Hg (or the target your doctor sets).
  • C: Manage your cholesterol levels.
  • s: Stop smoking or don’t start.

The A1C goal for most adults with diabetes is between 7 % and 8 %, but your goal may be different depending on your age, other health conditions, medicines you ’ rhenium take, and early factors. work with your repair to establish a personal A1C finish for you.

What else can I do to help manage my blood sugar levels?

Eating a healthy diet with enough of fruit and vegetables, maintaining a healthy weight, and getting even physical bodily process can all help. other tips include :

  • Keep track of your blood sugar levels to see what makes them go up or down.
  • Eat at regular times, and don’t skip meals.
  • Choose foods lower in calories, saturated fat, trans fat, sugar, and salt.
  • Track your food, drink, and physical activity.
  • Drink water instead of juice or soda.
  • Limit alcoholic drinks.
  • For a sweet treat, choose fruit.
  • Control your food portions (for example, use the plate method: fill half your plate with non-starchy vegetables, a quarter with lean protein, and a quarter with a grain or starchy food).

How can I pay for tests and diabetes supplies?

Medicareexternal picture, Medicaid, and most secret policy plans pay for the A1C test and fasting blood sugar test adenine well as some diabetes supplies. Check your plan or ask your health worry team for help oneself finding low-cost or free supplies, and see How to Save Money on Diabetes Care for more resources .

generator :
Category : Healthy