American Heart Association

American non-profit health organization
The American Heart Association ( AHA ) is a nonprofit organization constitution in the United States that funds cardiovascular aesculapian research, [ 1 ] educates consumers on healthy living [ 2 ] and fosters appropriate cardiac care in an effort to reduce disability and deaths caused by cardiovascular disease and stroke. originally formed in New York City in 1924, [ 3 ] it is presently headquartered in Dallas, Texas. The american english Heart Association is a home volunteer health agency. They are known for publishing guidelines on cardiovascular disease and prevention, standards on basic life defend, advanced cardiac life back ( ACLS ), and pediatric advanced animation support ( PALS ), and in 2014 issued its first guidelines for preventing strokes in women. [ 4 ] They are known besides for operating a number of highly visible public service campaigns starting in the 1970s, and besides operate a number of fundraising events. In 1994, the Chronicle of Philanthropy, an industry publication, released a study that showed the American Heart Association was ranked as the 5th “ most popular charity/non-profit in America. ” [ 5 ] The association was listed as the 22nd largest jacob’s ladder by Forbes in 2018. [ 6 ] The mission of the constitution, updated in 2018, is “ To be a grim pull for a world of longer, healthier lives. ” [ 7 ]

history [edit ]

1915–1980s : establish and early years [edit ]

A Health Promotion coordinator at Fleet Activities Sasebo, from Augusta, Ga., checks a bluejacket ‘s blood pressure during a “ Go Red for Women ” affection disease awareness campaign in 2009. The American Heart Association grew out of a plant of smaller precursor groups. The chief precursor was the Association for the Prevention and Relief of Heart Disease, formed in New York City in 1915, to study whether patients with heart disease could safely return to work. respective alike organizations formed or evolved in Boston, Philadelphia, and Chicago in the 1920s. Recognizing the need for a national organization to share research and promote findings, the American Heart Association was formed in 1924 by six cardiologists representing several of these harbinger groups. [ 3 ] The AHA remained modest until the 1940s when it was selected for accompaniment by Procter & Gamble, via their PR firm, from a number of applicant charities. Procter & Gamble gave $ 1.5 million from its radio show, Truth or Consequences, allowing the organization to go national. [ 8 ] Procter & Gamble turned cottonseeds from a consume product of cotton product into something that could be sold as a purportedly “ heart-healthy ” option to its contest – animal fats, which were by and large saturated. Procter & Gamble were the inventors of the artificial trans-fat margarine called Crisco ( Crystallized Cottonseed Oil ), which was touted by the AHA as healthier than butter. We now know that the artificial trans-fat from partially hydrogenated vegetable oils are damaging to human health. however, CLA ( Conjugated Linoleic Acid ) is still being researched on it ‘s electric potential effects on human health, research has been overall inconclusive when it came to experiments on humans. [ 9 ] Recommendations regarding limiting saturated fats and cholesterol emerged from a series of epidemiologic studies in the 1950s, and relate American Heart Association dietary guidelines emerged between 1957 and 1961. [ 10 ] The 1957 AHA reputation included : ( 1 ) Diet may play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, ( 2 ) The fatten contentedness and entire calories in the diet are credibly important factors, ( 3 ) The ratio between saturated and unsaturated fat may be the basic antigenic determinant, and ( 4 ) A wide variety show of early factors besides fatness, both dietary and non-dietary, may be authoritative. By 1961, these find had been strengthened, leading to the fresh 1961 AHA recommendations : ( 1 ) Maintain a correct soundbox weight, ( 2 ) engage in control exercise, for example, walking to care in weight reduction, ( 3 ) Reduce inhalation of entire fatten, saturated fat, and cholesterol. Increase consumption of polyunsaturated fatness, ( 4 ) homo with a impregnable family history of atherosclerosis should pay particular attention to diet modification, and ( 5 ) Dietary changes should be carried out under medical supervision. These recommendations continued to become more accurate from 1957 to 1980, but maintained “ a general coherence among them ”. [ 11 ]

1990s–2000s : Awareness campaigns [edit ]

In 1994, the Chronicle of Philanthropy, an diligence publication, released the results of the largest study of charitable and non-profit administration popularity and credibility. The study showed that the American Heart Association was ranked as the one-fifth “ most democratic charity/non-profit in America ” of over 100 charities researched with 95 percentage of Americans over the old age of 12 choosing Love and Like A lot description class. [ 5 ] In 2003 published the “ seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure “ ( JNC 7 ). [ 12 ] On October 28, 2009, The American Heart Association and the Ad Council launched a hands-only CPR public service announcement and web site. [ 13 ] On November 30, 2009, The American Heart Association announced a new cardiac catch awareness political campaign called Be the Beat. [ 14 ] The campaign ‘s aim is to teach 12- to 15-year-olds fun ways to learn the basics of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and how to use an automatize external defibrillator. In 2004 the AHA launched the “ Go Red for Women ” campaign [ 15 ] specifically targeting women, with information about risks and legal action they can take to protect their health. All revenues from the local and national campaigns go to support awareness, research, education and residential district programs to benefit women. [ 16 ]

2012–present : late events and activities [edit ]

Representatives from the American Heart Association suffer with US Representative Martha Roby

It besides carried out a crusade in 2012 to educate more people on how to carry out hands-only CPR. [ 17 ] [ 18 ] [ 19 ] The 2012 campaign, which began in New York City, had Jennifer Coolidge as the spokesperson. [ 20 ] In 2013, the American Heart Association issued a joint guideline recognizing fleshiness as a disease and recommending its discussion by system of weights loss. [ 21 ] In 2014, the American Heart Association issued its first base guidelines for preventing strokes in women. [ 4 ] In 2015, the American Heart Association officially endorsed the Tobacco 21 political campaign, urging local anesthetic, state of matter and national governments to raise the tobacco and nicotine sales age from 18 to 21. [ 22 ] In 2018, the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology issued new guidelines for clinicians on the management of cholesterol as a way to reduce gamble for affection attack and stroke. newly included in the guidelines is a recommendation to use coronary thrombosis artery calcium score if healthcare providers are having trouble deciding if a patient could benefit from lipid-lowering medicine medications or should focus entirely on life style modifications. The cholesterol guidelines were last updated in 2013. [ 23 ]

key people [edit ]

Nancy Brown has been the Chief Executive Officer since 2009. Ivor Benjamin, M.D., [ 24 ] is the volunteer president of the American Heart Association for its 2018–19 fiscal year. [ 25 ] James Postl serves as the unpaid president of the board with his biennial term ending on June 30, 2019. [ 26 ] In February 2020, Kroger president and CEO Rodney McMullen was appointed to the AHA CEO Roundtable. [ 27 ]

Publications [edit ]

Journals [edit ]

The postdate journals are published by the American Heart Association : [ 28 ]

Standards [edit ]

See besides [edit ]

References [edit ]

A detailed history is available on the American Heart Association web site .

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Category : Healthy