Kidneys and Urinary Tract (for Parents)

What Are the Kidneys and Urinary Tract?

The urinary tract is one of the systems that our bodies use to get rid of waste products. The kidneys are the share of the urinary tract that makes urine ( peeing ). Urine has salts, toxins, and water that need to be filtered out of the blood. After the kidneys make urine, it leaves the soundbox using the lie of the urinary nerve pathway as a pathway .

What Are the Parts of the Urinary Tract?

People normally have two kidneys, but can live a normal, healthy biography with equitable one. The kidneys are under the ribcage in the back, one on each side. Each pornographic kidney is about the size of a fist .
Each kidney has an out layer called the cortex, which contains filtering units. The center part of the kidney, the medulla ( meh-DUH-luh ), has fan-shaped structures called pyramids. These drain urine into cup-shaped tubes called calyxes ( KAY-luh-seez ) .
From the calyxes, urine travels out of the kidneys through the ureters ( YUR-uh-ters ) to be stored in the bladder ( a muscular sac in the lower belly ). When a person urinates, the peeing exits the bladder and goes out of the body through the urethra ( yoo-REE-thruh ), another tube-like social organization. The male urethra ends at the tip of the penis ; the female urethra ends fair above the vaginal opening.

What Do the Kidneys Do?

Kidneys have many jobs, from filtering blood and making urine to keeping bones healthy and making a hormone that controls the production of bolshevik blood cells. The kidney besides help regulate blood pressure, the flat of salts in the blood, and the acid-base libra ( the ph ) of the blood. All these jobs make the kidneys necessity to keeping the torso working as it should.

How Do the Kidneys and Urinary Tract Work?

Blood travels to each kidney through the renal artery. The artery enters the kidney at the hilus ( HY-luss ), the indentation in middle of the kidney that gives it its bean shape. The artery then branches sol blood can get to the nephrons ( NEH-fronz ) — 1 million bantam filtering units in each kidney that remove the harmful substances from the blood.

Each of the nephrons contain a percolate called the glomerulus ( gluh-MER-yuh-lus ). The fluid that is filtered out from the blood then travels down a bantam tube-like structure called a tubule ( TOO-byool ). The tubule adjusts the level of salts, water, and wastes that will leave the body in urine. Filtered blood leaves the kidney through the nephritic vein and flows back to the affection .
Pee leaves the kidneys and travels through the ureters to the bladder. The bladder expands as it fills. When the bladder is fully, steel endings in its wall commit messages to the mind. When a person needs to pee, the bladder walls tighten and a ring-like muscle that guards the exit from the bladder to the urethra, called the sphincter ( SFINK-tur ), slack. This lets urine go into the urethra and out of the body .

What Can Help Keep the Kidneys and Urinary Tract Healthy?

To help keep your child ‘s kidneys and urinary tract healthy :

  • Encourage plenty of exercise.
  • Offer a nutritious diet.
  • Help your child stay hydrated.
  • Teach your daughter to wipe from front to back after pooping so germs don’t get into the urethra.
  • Avoid bubble baths, sitting in the tub after shampoo has been used, and scented soaps. These can irritate the urethra.
  • Your child should wear cotton underwear.
  • Kids should change out of wet bathing suits promptly.
  • Go for regular medical checkups.
  • Talk to the doctor before giving your child any supplements or herbal treatments.
  • Let the doctor know about any family history of kidney problems, diabetes, or high blood pressure.
  • Let the doctor know if your child has any swelling or puffiness, has pain with peeing, needs to pee often, has foamy urine or blood in the urine, or is constipated.
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Category : Healthy