Sexual and Reproductive Health and Research (SRH)

WHO has been working in the area of sexual health since at least 1974, when the deliberations of an technical committee resulted in the publication of a technical report entitled “ Education and treatment in human sex ” ( WHO, 1975 ). In 2000, the Pan American Health Organization ( PAHO ) and WHO convened a number of expert consultations to review terminology and identify plan options. In the course of these meetings, the working definitions of key terms used here were developed. In a subsequent meet, organized by PAHO and the World Association for Sexual Health ( WAS ), a number of intimate health concerns were addressed with esteem to soundbox integrity, sexual safety, eroticism, sex, sexual orientation, aroused attachment and reproduction .

Working definitions


sex refers to the biological characteristics that define humans as female or male. While these sets of biological characteristics are not mutually exclusive, as there are individuals who possess both, they tend to differentiate humans as males and females. In general use in many languages, the term sex is much used to mean “ intimate activity ”, but for technical foul purposes in the context of sex and sexual health discussions, the above definition is preferred .

Sexual health

According to the current work definition, sexual health is :

“ …a state of physical, emotional, mental and sociable wellbeing in relation to sex ; it is not merely the absence of disease, dysfunction or infirmity. intimate health requires a cocksure and respectful approach to sex and intimate relationships, a well as the possibility of having enjoyable and safe intimate experiences, spare of compulsion, discrimination and violence. For sexual health to be attained and maintained, the sexual rights of all persons must be respected, protected and fulfilled. ” ( WHO, 2006a )


sexual health can not be defined, silent or made operational without a broad circumstance of sex, which underlies significant behaviours and outcomes related to intimate health. The working definition of sex is : “ …a cardinal view of being homo throughout animation encompasses sex, gender identities and roles, intimate orientation, amorousness, pleasure, affair and reproduction. Sexuality is experienced and expressed in thoughts, fantasies, desires, beliefs, attitudes, values, behaviours, practices, roles and relationships. While sex can include all of these dimensions, not all of them are always experienced or expressed. Sexuality is influenced by the interaction of biological, psychological, social, economic, political, cultural, legal, historic, religious and spiritual factors. ” ( WHO, 2006a )

Sexual rights

There is a growing consensus that intimate health can not be achieved and maintained without respect for, and protection of, certain human rights. The working definition of intimate rights given below is a contribution to the continuing dialogue on human rights related to intimate health ( 1 ). “ The fulfillment of intimate health is tied to the extent to which human rights are respected, protected and fulfilled. sexual rights embrace certain human rights that are already recognized in international and regional human rights documents and other consensus documents and in national laws.
Rights critical to the realization of intimate health include :

  • Rights critical to the realization of sexual health include:
  • the rights to equality and non-discrimination
  • the right to be free from torture or to cruel, inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment
  • the right to privacy
  • the rights to the highest attainable standard of health (including sexual health) and social
  • the right to marry and to found a family and enter into marriage with the free and full consent
    of the intending spouses, and to equality in and at the dissolution of marriage
  • the right to decide the number and spacing of one’s children
  • the rights to information, as well as education
  • the rights to freedom of opinion and expression, and
  • the right to an effective remedy for violations of fundamental rights.

The responsible practice of human rights requires that all persons respect the rights of others. The application of existing homo rights to sex and sexual health form intimate rights. sexual rights protect all people ‘s rights to fulfil and express their sex and enjoy intimate health, with ascribable respect for the rights of others and within a model of protection against discrimination. ” ( WHO, 2006a, update 2010 ) ( 1 ) It should be noted that this definition does not represent an official WHO stead and should not be used or quoted as such. It is offered rather as a contribution to ongoing discussion about sexual health .

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Category : Healthy