Fever and temperature taking

Fever and temperature taking

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When your child is vomit with an infection ( bacterial or viral ), it is common to besides have a fever. Fever will not hurt your child. normally, it goes aside after 72 hours ( 3 days ) .
Babies younger than 6 months old should see a doctor when they have a fever. Older children can be treated at family, deoxyadenosine monophosphate long as they get adequate liquids and seem well otherwise. however, they should see a doctor if their fever lasts for more than 72 hours .
There are several ways to take your child ’ s temperature :

  • rectal method (by the rectum or ‘bum’)
  • oral method (by the mouth)
  • axillary method (under the armpit)
  • temporal artery method (forehead)
  • tympanic method (in the ear)

Which method should I use?

The right method acting depends on your child ’ randomness age. It ’ s important that the measurement is accurate. Use this chart to help you decide which method acting to use :

Recommended method

Birth to 2 years
1st choice: Rectum (for an accurate reading)
2nd choice: Armpit

Between 2 and 5 years
1st choice: Rectum (for an accurate reading)
2nd choice: Ear, armpit

Older than 5 years
1st choice: Mouth (for an accurate reading)
2nd choice: Ear, armpit

Temperature-taking tips

  • Do not use a mercury thermometer. If it breaks, you might be exposed to the toxic substance.
  • Do not use an oral thermometer to take a rectal temperature, or a rectal thermometer for oral temperature taking.
  • A digital thermometer can be used for both rectal and oral temperature taking. It’s made of unbreakable plastic, is easy to read and measures temperature quickly.
  • Products for taking temporal artery temperature (sweeping thermometer across your child’s forehead) at home are not accurate or reliable enough.
  • Fever strips are not recommended because they do not give accurate readings.

To get an accurate reading of your child’s temperature, you’ll need to make sure it’s done right. here ’ s how :


This is the most reliable way to ensure a fever is not missed .

  • Clean the thermometer with cool, soapy water and rinse.
  • Cover the silver tip with petroleum jelly (such as Vaseline).
  • Place your baby on their back with their knees bent.
  • Gently insert the thermometer in the rectum, about 2.5 cm (1 inch), holding it in place with your fingers.
  • After about 1 minute, you will hear the beep.
  • Remove the thermometer and read the temperature.
  • Clean the thermometer.


The oral method acting is not recommended for children younger than 5 years old because it is hard for them to hold the thermometer under their spit for farseeing enough .

  • Clean the thermometer with cool, soapy water and rinse.
  • Carefully place the tip of the thermometer under your child’s tongue.
  • With your child’s mouth closed, leave the thermometer in place for about 1 minute, until you hear the beep.
  • Remove the thermometer and read the temperature.
  • Clean the thermometer.


The armpit ( axillary ) method is normally used to check for fever in newborns and unseasoned children, but it ’ s not a accurate as a rectal temperature. If an axillary temperature does not show a fever but your child feels warm and seems ailing, take a rectal measurement .

  • Use a rectal or oral thermometer.
  • Clean the thermometer with cool, soapy water and rinse.
  • Place the tip of the thermometer in the centre of your child’s armpit.
  • Make sure your child’s arm is tucked snugly against their body.
  • Leave the thermometer in place for about 1 minute, until you hear the “beep.”
  • Remove the thermometer and read the temperature.
  • Clean the thermometer.


Though quick to use, the ear ( tympanic ) method can give temperature readings that are besides first gear, tied when the manufacturer ’ s directions are followed. It is not as dependable or accurate as rectal temperature take .

  • Use a clean probe tip each time, and follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully.
  • Gently tug on the ear, pulling it back. This will help straighten the ear canal, and make a clear path inside the ear to the eardrum.
  • Gently insert the thermometer until the ear canal is fully sealed off.
  • Squeeze and hold down the button for one second.
  • Remove the thermometer and read the temperature.

What is a normal temperature?

The keep up chart will tell you if your child has a fever. The normal temperature range varies and depends on the way you took your child ’ randomness temperature .

Normal temperature range

36.6°C to 38°C (97.9°F to 100.4°F)

35.5°C to 37.5°C (95.9°F to 99.5°F)

36.5°C to 37.5°C (97.8°F to 99.5°F)

35.8°C to 38°C (96.4°F to 100.4°F)

The academic degree ( altitude ) of a fever does not tell you how good your child ’ mho illness is—how your child is acting is normally a better sign. A child with a meek contagion can have a high fever, while a child with a severe infection might have no fever at all.

What can I do if my child has a fever?

Keep your child comfortable, and offer enough of fluids .
If your baby has a fever, remove extra blankets and clothing sol heat can leave their body and help lower the body temperature. But don ’ t take off all your child ’ mho clothes, because they may become excessively cold and start chill, which makes more body heat and will cause their temperature to rise again .
Sponging your child with halfhearted water system, alcohol baths and rubs is not recommended .
Medication is not always needed to reduce a child’s temperature. In fact, the best reason for giving your child medicine is not to reduce the fever, but to relieve any aches and pains .
Acetaminophen ( such as Tylenol, Tempra, Panadol and others ) is a desirable medicine for a fever. Unless your doctor says otherwise, you can give the venereal disease recommended on the package every 4 hours until your child ’ mho temperature comes down. The temperature normally comes down in 1 hour and then rises again. If this happens, the medication may have to be repeated at the commend time. Do not give more than 5 doses in 24 hours.
alternatively, you can give your child ibuprofen, which is found in products such as Advil and Motrin. Be sure to follow the directions on the box. Ibuprofen can be given every 6 to 8 hours — up to 4 times in a 24-hour time period. Do not exceed the recommended dose.

  • Ibuprofen should only be given if your child is drinking reasonably well.
  • Do not give ibuprofen to babies under 6 months without first talking to your doctor.

Do not alternate between using acetaminophen and ibuprofen as this can lead to dosing errors.

A child or teenager with a fever should not be given aspirin [acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)]. If the fever is ascribable to chickenpox, influenza or certain other viral infections, taking aspirin can increase the gamble of Reye ’ s syndrome. This is a very dangerous condition that can damage the liver and brain .
Contact your health care supplier if your child :

  • Has a fever and is less than 6 months old.
  • Has a fever for more than 72 hours. 
  • Is excessively cranky, fussy or irritable.
  • Is excessively sleepy, lethargic or does not respond.
  • Is persistently wheezing or coughing.
  • Has a fever combined with a rash or any other signs of illness that worry you.

Reviewed by the following CPS committees

  • Community Paediatrics Committee
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Category : Healthy