Tests for diagnosing heart conditions

Tests for diagnosing heart conditions

To identify common heart conditions you ‘ll need to have some tests. These could include :

  • blood pressure tests
  • checking your pulse
  • X-rays
  • stress tests

Checking your pulse

Taking a pulse is a very crucial contribution of affection health checks. It measures the total of heart beats per hour, assesses if the pulse is regular or not, and identifies the intensity of the pulse. Your harbor or doctor may check your pulsation, or you can check it yourself .
More about atrial fibrillation

How to check your pulse
(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OXFKDfoOYmE)

Watch NHS Fife’s video on how to check your own pulse, and how significant it is to go and talk to your repair or nurse if you notice that your pulse is n’t regular .

Blood pressure

Blood pressure is an crucial measurement that can be taken by your doctor, breastfeed or healthcare adjunct. It ’ second recorded as two readings :

  • systolic pressure (higher reading) – this records the pressure within the blood vessels as the heart contracts and forces blood out into the arteries
  • diastolic pressure (lower reading) – this records the pressure when the heart fills up with blood again

Your rake pressure fluctuates throughout the day, depending on what you ’ ra doing. The “ white coat effect ” is when your blood atmospheric pressure rises at the think of having your blood pressure taken. To prevent this when you get your BP taken, try to relax. You might be asked to sit quietly for at least five minutes beforehand. Tell the person taking your rake imperativeness about any appointed medicines you ’ re carry .
sometimes your doctor may want you to monitor your blood blackmail at home over a menstruation of time. This can be either by 24-hour ambulatory monitor or by home monitoring .
Read more from the british Hyperternsion Society on home blood pressure testing
british Heart Foundation have information on measuring your lineage pressure at home

Echocardiogram

An echocardiogram – or “ echo ” – is an sonography scan of the heart. It uses high frequency healthy waves to create an persona of your heart .
This is a painless procedure that is normally performed in hospital or in an outpatient clinic. You ’ ll have jelly applied to your unsheathed chest of drawers, and an have operator will move the probe around your chest of drawers to get good views of your kernel .
It can check :

  • the size of the heart
  • how well the heart muscle is contracting and relaxing
  • how well the valves are working

More about having an echocardiogram

Electrocardiogram

An electrocardiogram ( ECG ) is a test that records the electrical bodily process of the heart. The ECG reflects what ’ s happening in different areas of the heart and helps identify any problems with the rhythm method of birth control or rate of your affection. The ECG is painless and takes around 5-10 minutes to perform .
More about having an electrocardiogram

24-hour or ambulatory electrocardiogram

In this test, electrodes are connected to a belittled box and attached to a knock. You wear this belt for 24 hours, as you go about your normal casual activities. The ECG will be monitor and will be able to record any abnormalities over the day. You ’ ll besides be asked to record any symptoms. then this can be assessed by the electrophysiologist or cardiologist .

Stress test

This stress quiz – or exercise tolerance test ( ETT ) or treadmill test – is similar to an ECG but records the activity of the heart as it works harder, for case while you ’ re walk on a treadmill. This “ exert ” ECG records how the heart responds to exercise .

Having an exercise ECG (stress test)
(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=24UfNoTUzfw)

Watch this television by british Heart Foundation of person being prepared for, and undertake, an ETT .

Tilt test

A tilt trial allows the repair to monitor your blood press and heart rate when you ’ re lying down and standing up .
This trial is designed to assess symptoms you may have been experiencing, like light-headedness or dizziness, and to see if your symptoms are related to your blood pressure or heart rate .
The test will normally be done as an outpatient appointment in an electrophysiology department.

Having a tilt test
(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0zYwKl-YBtQ)

Watch this british Heart Foundation video of a joust examination being performed .

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

This painless scan uses a magnetic airfield inside a scan machine to produce images of the heart and blood vessels .
It ’ randomness useful for checking problems with structure of heart and rake supply .
It ’ second very helpful in getting images from people whose vessels and affection human body are unmanageable to see using angiography .

Cardiac computed tomography (Cardiac CT)

Cardiac CT uses a particular x-ray machine, which moves around your body and takes detailed three-d images of your heart .

Thallium scan (myocardial perfusion scintigraphy)

This scan shows how well rake is reaching the heart muscle through your coronary arteries. A little amount of thallium ( radioactive substance ) is injected into a vein, and a special camera moves around your heart. The television camera picks up traces of thallium and produces pictures .
As thallium doesn ’ thyroxine travel well to areas where there ’ s a poor lineage supply, the pictures can be used to see how well rake is reaching your heart. It ’ s a useful alternative to an exert test if this can ’ triiodothyronine be done or when particular information on your heart muscle is needed which a treadmill exercise test can ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate leave .
This is done at rest and during exercise .
The very abject levels of radiation used are considered to be dependable .

Coronary angiogram

A coronary thrombosis angiogram is a type of x-ray used to examine the coronary arteries supplying blood to your heart muscle. It ‘s considered to be the best method acting of diagnosing coronary thrombosis artery disease – conditions that affect the arteries surrounding the affection .
During the test, a long, flexible tube called a catheter will be inserted into a blood vessel in either your groin or branch. The tip of the catheter will then be fed up to your affection and coronary thrombosis arteries .
limited dye will then be injected through the fine catheter into your coronary arteries, and x ray images will be taken. These images created during angiography are called angiograms .
These images will be used to identify tapered or blockage of the arteries that may be responsible for your symptoms. This test is besides sometimes required to reach a diagnosis for patients with heart valve and muscle disease .
More about cardiac catheterization and coronary angiography

Having a coronary angiogram
(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nnQ059DTBbQ)

Watch a short video where Dr Peter Henriksen, Consultant Cardiologist for NHS Scotland, provides an outline and explanation of the coronary angiogram operation .

Blood tests

There are a number of rake tests that can be done to rule out other causes of heart symptoms, and to measure unlike levels within the body that can affect the heart. You may besides get blood tests done if you begin a new heart medicine .
The most common are :

  • Full Blood count (FBC) – this test measures the levels of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. It also measures the haemoglobin (oxygen carrying component of red blood cells).
  • Urea and Electrolytes (Us and Es) – urea levels help to monitor how the kidneys are working. Electrolytes help to stabilise the heart rhythm.
  • Glucose – this test measures the level of sugar in the blood.
  • Liver and thyroid function – these tests measure liver function and the thyroid function.
  • Troponin blood test – troponin is a protein which is released into the blood stream when the heart muscle is damaged. The troponin level provides a quick and accurate measure of any heart muscle damage. It’s used to help in the assessment following suspected heart attack. It may be taken on admission to hospital and/or 12 hours from the onset of symptoms.
  • Cholesterol level and lipid profile.
  • Natriuretic peptides – an indicator of heart failure.

More about having a rake test

Chest X-ray

A thorax x-ray is useful for showing the size and form of the heart and detecting chest of drawers disorders. This can provide doctors extra data about your symptoms ( which can much relate to both chest and center conditions ) and can besides show any fluid in the lungs, which may be caused by affection disease .
More about having an x ray

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Category : Healthy