Popcorn Lung: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Prevention

What is popcorn lung?

bronchiolitis obliterans is a rare form of lung disease. It ’ s normally called popcorn lung. Popcorn lung results in scarring and excitement to the bronchioles. These are the lung ’ south smallest airways. When they ’ re inflamed, symptoms like coughing, shortness of breath, and difficulty breathing can occur .popcorn lung CT scanA CT scan of someone with popcorn lung. Image courtesy of Xie, B-Q, et al./PLOS “ Popcorn lung ” may sound foreign, but there ’ s a cause behind the name. Workers in a popcorn factory became ill after breathing in harmful chemicals.

One of those chemicals is diacetyl. It ’ s an artificial butter-flavored component found in :

  • popcorn
  • flavored coffee
  • fruit drinks
  • caramel
  • some dairy products

While the Food and Drug Administration ( FDA ) considers diacetyl by and large safe to eat, it ’ mho dangerous when inhaled. many food companies have removed diacetyl from their products, but it ’ randomness still found in many electronic cigarette ( e-cig ) flavors, leading to cases of popcorn lung in people who vape. here ’ s a close expression at common popcorn lung symptoms, other chemicals and medical conditions that can cause it, and how it ’ randomness treated.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms of popcorn lung are like to those of chronic clogging pneumonic disease ( COPD ). Popcorn lung symptoms frequently occur 2 to 8 weeks after illness or exposure to harmful chemicals, particles, or toxic fumes. common symptoms include trouble breathe and a persistent, progressive, and dry cough. once symptoms show up, they much occur regularly. They ’ rhenium not episodic like asthma symptoms, for exemplar. other symptoms may include :

  • flu-like illness with fever
  • unexplained fatigue
  • weight loss
  • wheezing
  • eye, skin, mouth, or nose irritation, if caused by chemical exposure

What causes it?

Popcorn lung can result from inhalation of sealed harmful chemicals, particles, and toxic fumes found in microwave popcorn factories and e-cigarettes. however, the toxic fumes and chemicals associated with popcorn lung aren ’ thyroxine limited to good these factories or e-cigarettes. other chemicals that may contribute to popcorn lung when inhaled include :

  • chlorine
  • ammonia
  • sulfur dioxide
  • nitrogen dioxide
  • fumes from welding
  • acetaldehyde
  • formaldehyde
  • hydrochloric acid
  • phosgene
  • mustard gas

Certain health conditions are linked to popcorn lung a well. Some of these admit :

  • respiratory illnesses, such as pneumonia or bronchitis
  • viral infections, such as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
  • collagen vascular diseases
  • drug reactions

inflammation and scarring resulting from a lung transplant can besides cause popcorn lung. typically, it takes 2 to 8 weeks after illness or chemical exposure for symptoms to begin. In other cases, like a lung transplant, it may take several months or years before symptoms appear.

Link to e-cigarette use

research from 2016 found that 75 percentage of season e-cigarettes and refill liquids tested positive for diacetyl — the same chemical responsible for popcorn lung among microwave popcorn factory workers. If you presently vape and are unable to stop, you may want to consider foregoing flavored options. still, even bland e-cigarettes are linked to an increased risk of respiratory disease. Plus, e-cigarette vaporization besides contains formaldehyde, another chemical linked to popcorn lung. ready to kick a vaping substance abuse ? Our guide can help.

How is it diagnosed?

Popcorn lung is often misdiagnosed as asthma, bronchitis, or emphysema, so be certain to bring up your concerns to a healthcare professional if you think you might have popcorn lung. Let them know if you use e-cigarettes or have been exposed to chemicals linked to popcorn lung. To diagnose popcorn lung, your repair will arrange a chest roentgenogram or CT scan. They may besides use a pneumonic officiate test. This test measures how well your lungs are functioning. The most definitive direction to diagnose popcorn lung is a surgical lung biopsy. General anesthesia may be needed for this character of biopsy so you don ’ thymine feel any pain. Your surgeon will make an incision on your chest of drawers and remove a patch of lung tissue. They ’ ll then send the lung sample to a lab for analysis. Your doctor will help determine which method acting of diagnosis is best for your situation.

How is it treated?

There ’ s presently no cure for popcorn lung, but there are treatments to help alleviate symptoms. treatment may besides help slow the progression of the disease. One option for treatment is prescription corticosteroids. Your doctor may besides recommend immunosuppressant therapy to decrease your body ’ second immune response. Depending on your symptoms, your doctor of the church may besides prescribe :

  • cough suppressants
  • bronchodilators (medication that helps open the airways)
  • oxygen supplementation, if needed

Some people living with severe cases of popcorn lung are candidates for a lung transfer. however, popcorn lung may develop again as a complication of the transplant. If left untreated, popcorn lung can be fatal in some cases.

Is it preventable?

To prevent popcorn lung, you ’ ll need to avoid or limit your exposure to chemicals linked to the condition. You can do this by :

  • not using e-cigarettes
  • ensuring proper controls are in place if you encounter these chemicals at work
  • wearing personal protective equipment when exposed to these chemicals

If you ’ re having disturb quitting vaping or e-cigarettes, you have options :

  • Talk with a healthcare professional to set up a quit plan.
  • Call 800-QUIT-NOW (800-784-8669) for free coaching.
  • Visit Smokefree.gov for tools and tips.
  • Prefer text-based support? Enroll in SmokefreeTXT to receive daily text messages to help you quit vaping.

What’s the outlook?

While popcorn lung is an irreversible condition, treatment can help you manage your symptoms.

The best way to prevent popcorn lung is to limit vulnerability to harmful toxins and chemicals. Make certain you ’ re protected at bring, and, if you smoke, drop out smoke, including e-cigarettes and vaping devices. many people find it arduous to quit on their own. It may take multiple tries, excessively. That ’ randomness OK — don ’ triiodothyronine give up. And wear ’ t hesitate to reach out for extra assistant from your caution team or community resources .

source : https://nutritionline.net
Category : Healthy