Oral Health Basics: Symptoms, Types, Causes & More

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Dental and oral health is an essential share of your overall health and wellbeing. Poor oral hygiene can lead to dental cavities and gum disease, and has besides been linked to heart disease, cancer, and diabetes.

Maintaining healthy teeth and gums is a lifelong committedness. The earlier you learn proper oral hygiene habits — such as brush, floss, and limiting your carbohydrate inhalation — the easier it ’ ll be to avoid dearly-won dental procedures and long-run health issues .

Causes of dental and oral diseases

Your oral cavity collects all sorts of bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Some of them belong there, making up the normal flora of your sass. They ’ re generally harmless in small quantities. But a diet eminent in sugar creates conditions in which acid-producing bacteria can flourish. This acid dissolves tooth enamel and causes alveolar consonant cavities. Bacteria near your gumline boom in a sticky matrix called brass. Plaque accumulates, hardens, and migrates down the length of your tooth if it isn ’ t removed regularly by brushing and flossing. This can inflame your gums and cause the discipline known as gingivitis. Increased inflammation causes your gums to begin to pull away from your teeth. This process creates pockets in which pus may finally collect. This more advanced stage of mumble disease is called periodontal disease. There are many factors that contribute to gingivitis and periodontitis, including :

  • smoking
  • poor brushing habits
  • frequent snacking on sugary foods and drinks
  • diabetes
  • the use of medications that reduce the amount of saliva in the mouth
  • family history, or genetics
  • certain infections, such as HIV or AIDS
  • hormonal changes in women
  • acid reflux, or heartburn
  • frequent vomiting, due to the acid

Treating dental and oral problems

even if you ’ ve been taking good care of your teeth, you ’ ll still need to have a professional houseclean twice a year during a everyday inflict with your dentist. Your dentist will recommend other treatments if you show signs of gumwood disease, infections, or other problems .


A professional cleaning can get rid of any plaque you may have missed while brushing and flossing. It ’ ll besides remove tartar. These cleanings are normally performed by a dental hygienist. After all the tatar is removed from your teeth, the hygienist will use a high-powered toothbrush to brush your teeth. This is followed by flossing and rinsing to wash out any debris. A deep clean is besides known as scaling and rout design. It removes dragon from above and below the gumline that can ’ metric ton be reached during a routine scavenge .

Fluoride treatments

Following a dental houseclean, your dentist may apply a fluoride treatment to help fight off cavities. Fluoride is a naturally occurring mineral. It can help strengthen the enamel of your tooth and make them more bouncy to bacteria and acid .


If you show signs of a gumwood infection or you have a tooth abscess that has spread to other teeth or your chew the fat, your dentist may prescribe antibiotics to help get rid of the infection. The antibiotic may be in the shape of a mouth rinse, gel, oral pill, or capsule. Topical antibiotic gel may besides be applied to the dentition or gums during surgical procedures .

Fillings, crowns, and sealants

A filling is used to repair a cavity, fracture, or hole in the tooth. The dentist will first use a drill to remove the damaged area of the tooth and then fill the fix with some substantial, such as amalgam or composite. A crown is used if a big part of your tooth needs to be removed or has broken off due to an injury. There are two types of crowns : an plant crown that fits over an plant, and a regular crown that fits over a natural tooth. Both types of crowns fill in the col where your lifelike tooth appeared. alveolar consonant sealants are slender, protective coatings that are placed on the back dentition, or molars, to help prevent cavities. Your dentist may recommend a sealant for your children angstrom soon as they get their first molars, at around age six, and again when they get their second set of molars around age 12. Sealants are easily to apply and completely painless .

Root canal

You might need a root canal if tooth decay reaches all the way inside the tooth to the heart. During a root canal, the boldness is removed and replaced with a filling hold of a biocompatible material, normally a combination of a rubber-like substantial called gutta-percha and adhesive material cementum .


Probiotics are largely known for their function in digestive health, but fresh research has shown that the healthy bacteria may be beneficial for your teeth and gums. Probiotics have been shown to prevent brass and dainty regretful breath. They besides help to prevent oral cancers and decrease excitement from gumwood disease. While large clinical trials are still needed to prove their effectiveness, results to date have been promising. You can take a probiotic addendum or eat foods high gear in beneficial bacteria, such as yogurt, kefir, and kimchi. early democratic probiotic foods include sauerkraut, tempeh, and miso .

Changing daily habits

Keeping your talk healthy is a day by day commitment. A dental hygienist can teach you how to properly take care of your teeth and gums on a casual basis. In summation to brush and floss, your daily routine can include gargle, oral rinses, and possibly other tools, such as a Waterpik water flosser. Shop for a water flosser.

Surgery for dental and oral problems

oral surgeries are normally performed to treat more dangerous cases of periodontic disease. Certain alveolar consonant surgeries can besides be done to replace or fix missing or broken teeth caused by an accident .

Flap surgery

During a beat surgery, a surgeon makes a small cut in the gum to lift up a incision of the weave. They then remove tartar and bacteria from underneath the gums. The flap is then stitched bet on into plaza around your teeth .

Bone grafting

Bone transplant is needed when gum disease causes damage to the bone surrounding the root of your tooth. The dentist replaces the damaged cram with a graft, which can be made from your own bone, a celluloid bone, or a donate bone .

Soft tissue grafts

A soft weave graft is used to treat receding gums. A dentist will remove a belittled piece of tissue from your mouth or use a donor tissue and attach it to the areas of your gums that are missing .

Tooth extraction

If your dentist can ’ thymine save your tooth with a root canal or other surgery, the tooth will probable need to be extracted. You may besides need a tooth extraction if your wisdom teeth, or third base molars, are impacted. sometimes, a person ’ randomness jaw international relations and security network ’ t large adequate to accommodate the third set of molars. One or more of the wisdom tooth will become trap or impacted when it tries to emerge. A dentist will typically recommend that wisdom tooth be extracted if they cause pain, excitement, or other problems .

Dental implants

dental implants are used to replace missing teeth that are lost due to a disease or an accident. An plant is surgically placed into the shmooze. After the implant is placed, your bones will grow around it. This is called osseointegration. once this action is complete, your dentist will customize a newly artificial tooth for you that matches your other tooth. This artificial tooth is known as a crown. The fresh crown is then attached to the implant. If you ’ re replacing more than one tooth, your dentist may customize a bridge to fit into your mouth. A dental bridge is made of two abutment crowns on either english of the break, which then hold the artificial tooth in between in place.

What can go wrong?

periodontic disease can finally break down the bone that supports your tooth. This can lead to many complications. You ’ ll probably need alveolar consonant treatment to save your teeth. Risks and complications of untreated periodontic disease admit :

  • tooth abscesses
  • other infections
  • migration of your teeth
  • pregnancy complications
  • exposure of the roots of your teeth
  • oral cancer
  • tooth loss
  • increased risk of diabetes, heart disease, cancer, and respiratory diseases

If left untreated, an contagion from a tooth abscess can spread to other parts of your lead or neck. It can even lead to sepsis, a dangerous blood infection .

Keeping your teeth and gums healthy

good oral health boils down to estimable general health and common sense. The best ways to prevent oral health problems are to :

  • brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste at least twice a day
  • floss at least once a day (one of the most beneficial things you can do to prevent disease in your oral cavity)
  • have your teeth cleaned by a dental professional every six months
  • avoid tobacco products
  • follow a high-fiber, low-fat, low-sugar diet that includes plenty of fruits and vegetables
  • limit sugary snacks and drinks

Foods with hidden sugars include :

  • condiments such as ketchup and barbecue sauce
  • sliced fruit or applesauce in cans or jars that have added sugars
  • flavored yogurt
  • pasta sauce
  • sweetened iced tea
  • soda
  • sports drinks
  • juice or juice blends
  • granola and cereal bars
  • muffins

Get more tips on preventing oral health problems. good oral health is particularly important to groups such as children, fraught women, and older adults .

What you should know about your child’s oral health

The american english Academy of Pediatrics ( AAP ) recommends that children start seeing a dentist by their beginning birthday. Children are highly susceptible to dental cavities and tooth decay, particularly those who bottle feed. Cavities may be caused by besides a lot boodle left on the tooth after bottle feed. To avoid baby bottle tooth disintegrate, you should do the surveil :

  • only bottle feed during meal times
  • wean your child off of a bottle by the time they’re one year old
  • fill the bottle with water if you must give them a bottle at bedtime
  • begin brushing with a soft baby toothbrush once their baby teeth start to come in; you should use only water until your child learns not to swallow the toothpaste
  • start seeing a pediatric dentist regularly for your child
  • ask your child’s dentist about dental sealants

Baby bottle tooth decay is besides known as early childhood caries ( ECC ). Go here to find out more ways you can prevent ECC .

What men need to know about oral health

According to the american Academy of Periodontology, men are less probable to take good care of their teeth and gums than women. Compared to women, men are less likely to brush doubly per day, floss regularly, and seek contraceptive alveolar consonant care. Oral and throat cancer is more common in men. A 2008 study showed that men with a history of periodontic disease are 14 percentage more likely to develop other types of cancer than men with healthy gums. It ’ sulfur important that men recognize the consequences of poor oral health and take military action early in life.

The bottom line about dental and oral health

Your oral health has an effect on more than just your teeth. Poor oral and dental health can contribute to issues with your self-esteem, language, or nutrition. They can besides affect your comfort and overall quality of life. many alveolar consonant and oral problems develop without any symptoms. Seeing a dentist regularly for a checkup and examination is the best way to catch a trouble before it gets worse. ultimately, your long-run result depends on your own efforts. You can ’ triiodothyronine constantly prevent every cavity, but you can reduce your risk of severe gum disease and tooth loss by staying on top of your day by day oral care .

source : https://nutritionline.net
Category : Healthy