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Your kidneys are as important to your health as your heart or lungs. Their main job is to remove godforsaken products from your body. Most people have two kidneys, one on either side of the spine under the lower rib. They are bean-shaped and red brown in color. Each kidney is about the size of a clench fist.

Kidneys are a filter system

The independent job of the kidney is to remove neutralize from the blood and return the clean blood back to the body. Each minute about one liter of blood – one-fifth of all the blood pumped by the affection – enters the kidneys through the nephritic arteries. After the blood is cleaned, it flows back into the body through the nephritic veins. Each kidney contains about one million bantam units called nephrons. Each nephron is made up of a very humble trickle, called a glomerulus, which is attached to a tubule. As blood passes through the nephron, fluent and pine away products are filtered out. much of the fluid is then returned to the blood, while the godforsaken products are concentrated in any extra fluid as urine ( wee ). The urine flows through a tube called the ureter into the bladder. urine passes from the bladder out of the body through a metro called the urethra. The kidney normally makes one to two litres of urine every day depending on your construct, how much you drink, the temperature and the sum of exercise you do.

A healthy kidney can greatly increase its work capacity. With two healthy kidneys, each kidney performs 50 per penny of the convention kidney routine. If one kidney is lost, the other kidney can enlarge and provide up to 75 per cent of the convention kidney function ( the study of one and a half normally functioning kidneys ).

Other kidney functions

deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as filtering the blood, kidneys :

  • make and regulate important hormones in the body that help to control blood pressure, red blood cell production and calcium uptake from the intestine
  • maintain body fluid at the correct levels for the body to function
  • control body chemistry by regulating the amount of salt, water and other chemicals moving around the body.

Measuring how your kidneys work

It is unmanageable to calculate the demand rate at which your kidneys work. The best measure of kidney routine is called the glomerular filtration rate ( GFR ). The GFR can be estimated ( eGFR ) using a mathematical formula. This formula uses the level of creatinine in your lineage to estimate how well your kidneys are filtering thriftlessness from your blood. It can indicate if there is any kidney damage.

The higher the filtration rate, the better the kidneys are working. A GFR of 100 mL/min/1.73 m2 is in the normal image. This is about equal to ‘ 100 per penny kidney function ’. Based on this measurement system, a GFR of 50 mL/min/1.73 m2 could be called ’ 50 per cent kidney function ’ and a GFR of 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 could be called ’ 30 per cent kidney officiate ’. If your doctor orders a blood test to learn more about your kidney routine, an eGFR resultant role is provided mechanically, along with your creatinine results.

Your doctor may besides test for other signs and conditions that may indicate you have chronic kidney disease. These may include tests for :

  • protein in your urine (albuminuria or proteinuria)
  • blood in your urine (haematuria)
  • high blood pressure 
  • diabetes.

Keeping your kidneys healthy

Well-functioning kidneys are essential to your overall health. early on detection of kidney disease can be life-saving. medicine and changes to lifestyle, along with an early referral to a kidney specialist, can prevent or delay kidney failure. If you are at increase risk of chronic kidney disease, lecture to your doctor about having a unconstipated kidney health check.

Where to get help

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Category : Healthy