6 essential nutrients: Sources and why you need them

A person ’ mho body can not produce everything that it needs to function. There are six necessity nutrients that people need to consume through dietary sources to maintain optimum health. The World Health Organization ( WHO ) note that essential nutrients are crucial in supporting a person ’ s replica, good health, and increase. The WHO divide these essential nutrients into two categories : micronutrients and macronutrients. Micronutrients are nutrients that a person needs in little doses. Micronutrients consist of vitamins and minerals. Although the body alone needs little amounts of them, a lack can cause ill health.

Macronutrients are nutrients that a person needs in larger amounts. Macronutrients include water, protein, carbohydrates, and fats. Keep read for more information about where to find these nutrients, and why a person needs them. The six all-important nutrients are vitamins, minerals, protein, fats, water, and carbohydrates.


Minerals are the second type of micronutrients. There are two groups of minerals : major and trace minerals. The torso needs a symmetry of minerals from both groups for optimum health. major minerals are :

  • magnesium
  • calcium
  • phosphorus
  • sulfur
  • sodium
  • potassium
  • chloride

major minerals help the consistency to do the stick to :

  • balance water levels
  • maintain healthy skin, hair, and nails
  • improve bone health

touch minerals are :

  • iron
  • selenium
  • zinc
  • manganese
  • chromium
  • copper
  • iodine
  • fluoride
  • molybdenum

trace minerals help with :

  • strengthening bones
  • preventing tooth decay
  • aiding in blood clotting
  • helping to carry oxygen
  • supporting the immune system
  • supporting healthy blood pressure

A person can ensure they consume enough minerals by including the following foods in their diet .

  • red meats (limit their use and choose lean cuts)
  • seafood
  • iodized table salt (less than 2,300 milligrams a day)
  • milk and other dairy products
  • nuts and seeds
  • vegetables
  • leafy greens
  • fruits
  • poultry
  • fortified bread and cereals
  • egg yolks
  • whole grains
  • beans and legumes


People frequently associate high fat foods with bad health. however, a person needs certain fats to help maintain optimum health. Fats provide the torso with energy and help it carry out a roll of functions. however, it is essential to consume healthful fats, such as monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats and limit or avoid saturated and trans fats. Healthful fats help with the surveil functions :

  • cell growth
  • blood clotting
  • building new cells
  • reducing the risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes
  • muscle movement
  • balance blood sugar
  • brain functioning
  • mineral and vitamin absorption
  • hormone production
  • immune function

According to holocene Dietary Guidelines for Americans, a person should consume 20–35 % of their calories from sanitary fats. A person can find sanitary fats in respective foods, including :

  • nuts
  • fish, such as salmon and tuna
  • vegetable oils
  • seeds

Find out the dispute between saturated and unsaturated fats.


Carbohydrates are substantive to the body. They are sugars or starches that provide energy for all the cells and tissues in the torso. There are two unlike types of carbohydrates : simple and complex. People should limit their intake of childlike carbohydrates, such as white bread, pasta, and rice. however, the body needs complex carbohydrates to support the take after :

  • the immune system
  • brain function
  • the nervous system
  • energy to perform tasks
  • digestive function

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend a person consumes 45–65 % of their day by day calories from complex carbohydrates. The follow foods contain complex carbohydrates :

  • quinoa
  • brown rice
  • vegetables
  • whole grain pasta, bread, and other baked goods
  • oatmeal
  • fruits
  • barley

People should avoid excessively processed products that contain bleached, white flour, and foods with add carbohydrate. Learn the dispute between well and regretful carbs here.


Water is credibly the most important essential alimentary that a person needs. A person can only survive a few days without consuming water. even little dehydration can cause headaches and afflicted physical and mental functioning. The human torso is made up of by and large water, and every cell requires water to function. Water helps with several functions, including :

  • flushing toxins out
  • shock absorption
  • transporting nutrients
  • preventing constipation
  • lubrication
  • hydration

The best informant for water is to drink natural, unsweetened urine from the tap or bottle sources. For people who do not like the preference of plain urine, they can add a power play of gamboge or other citrus fruits. besides, a person can get extra water by consuming fruits that contain a big measure of water system. People should avoid getting their body of water intake from sugary drinks. sugary drinks include sweetened teas, coffees, sodium carbonate, lemonade, and fruit juices. Find out how much water to drink to avoid dehydration.


A person needs to consume all six types of substantive nutrients to ensure the best possible health. These nutrients support critical functions, including growth, the immune, the cardinal anxious arrangement, and preventing disease. typically, a person who eats a sanitary, balanced diet that includes lean proteins, vegetables, fruits, complex carbohydrates, and water will get the nutrients they need. People with digestive issues, who take certain medications, or have other conditions may require supplements to help them get the body ’ s necessity nutrients.

An person should speak to their doctor of the church about any checkup conditions and the medications they are taking before they start to take any supplements. besides, they may want to see a dietician or dietician to discuss their nutritional consumption before they begin taking any supplements. Read the article in spanish .

source : https://nutritionline.net
Category : Healthy